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Upper City

Decrease City


Carcar Poblacion Housing

Carcar, located 40 km south of Cebu Metropolis and involving the municipalities of San Fernando for the north and Sibonga to your south, was the southern terminus of your now-defunct Cebu railroad, whose railway commenced at Carbon Sector in Cebu. Carcar is strategically Situated on the southeastern Coastline of Cebu Island, at some extent where by Cebu narrows as well as central mountain array opens to your go in which it is feasible to cross towards the northwestern coast on the cities of Barili, with Dumanjug, Ronda, Alcantara, Moalboal and Badian to your south, and Aloguinsan all the solution to Toledo Metropolis to your north. Though you can find other cross-island roads such as Cebu to Balamban, Talisay and Naga to Toledo, and Sibonga to Dumanjug, Carcar was a crucial crossroad prior to Entire world War II as a result of railroad.

Exterior with the Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandria, 2003 (Photograph by Betty Lalana and Lino Arboleda, Ortigas Foundation Library Assortment)

The Augustinians, who established Carcar, to start with set up a visita (mission chapel) in the Santo Niño Priory in Cebu in a coastal village called Sialo or Siaro on 21 Jun 1599. They committed the visita to La Visitacion de la Nuestra Señora, in a website often known as Inayangan, presently a sitio of Tuyom in Barangay Valladolid. The internet site is also known as Daanglungsod or “outdated city.” The ruins from the church had been reportedly however identifiable some time back again, but its stones are quarried by mysterious individuals. Because of its coastal site the visita at Inayangan was matter to slave raiders. Hence the Augustinians moved it to its present site, which was then referred to as Mowag or Kabkad, after an area fern. By 1620, Augustinian information now not point out Sialo but rather refer to Cabcar or Carcar.

Although not officially declared a Heritage Zone, National Historic Institute (NHI) has acknowledged the heritage top quality of Carcar by declaring four residential buildings as heritage residences. Carcar’s heritage location is often mapped out to be a cross. The primary artery is described because of the Natalio B. Bacalso South Countrywide Freeway that one-way links Carcar to your neighboring municipalities. The north close of this zone is in the region of Carcar Central School as well as south close the rotunda beside the general public market and from which the Carcar-Barili Highway originates. Crossing the highway is the higher town of Carcar, where the Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandria, the town plaza, and also other heritage composition are located. Contiguous to it is the reduce city described by the streets called Gen Luna, Santa Catalina and Burgos. A lot of the heritage buildings are found in these three locations. Exceptions are 3 lantawan, bantayan or watchtowers at Bantayan, Bas, Bacsiji and also the church ruins at Daanglungsod.

Higher Town

The Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandria was constructed on 1860 less than Fr Antonio Manglano, OSA, and finished in 1875 by Fr Manuel Fernandez, OSA. The church design uses a variety of revivalist kinds in a delightful mixture of types. Roman arches allude to classical architecture when the recessed entrance is paying homage to the iwan or major entrance in Muslim mosques. This structure element, the minaret-kind dome plus the pointed windows level to your revival of Mudejar, a Spanish design and style influenced through the Islamic caliphates of southern Spain. At Cogon, the chapel of San Vicente Ferrer is dated to 1859, which makes it Pretty much 20 years older compared to Church of Santa Catalina. (See Carcar Church.)

Inside of Carcar Church, 2003 (Picture by Betty Lalana and Lino Arboleda, Ortigas Basis Library Selection)

The Jose Rizal Monument, which stands close to the church, contains a tall plinth, an ordinary in town ideas Considering that the early 20th century.



Inbuilt 1929, the Carcar Metropolis Museum was previously the Carcar Dispensary, operated because of the Philippine Wellness Company as being the city’s Most important wellness institution. This two-Tale structure is while in the type of Victorian gingerbread homes, named once the delicate, filigree-like ornamentation that decorates the foyer, the balcony earlier mentioned it and also the windows. Elevated from the ground by a cement System, it truly is approached via a cement staircase with flanking balustrades that flares outwards and terminates in a very graceful curve. The attribute decoration of the exterior is a lover-shaped wooden Minimize-out, described as a sunburst or 50 percent a flower. This design and style is recurring in the many openings on the creating. It's also been adapted informally as Carcar’s signature motif, showing up in renovations of the city corridor facade and adjoining annex and in the general public marketplace. The constructing’s soffit is pierced by using a floral variety layout, a progress in the fan shape.

The inside is divided into rooms with pierced picket transoms. Use of the upper ground is thru a balustraded stairs. The pierced transoms are also present in the higher-floor rooms.

Staircase of Saint Catherine’s Academy, 1990 (CCP Collection)

St Catherine’s College Administration Making, Carcar’s Catholic university, was formerly generally known as the P. del Corro developing, which was inaugurated fifteen Sep 1931. It's really a two-story framework together the neoclassical line with its considerable use of arch openings for windows and doorways. The central segment includes a projecting balcony supported by pillars. The balcony serves as an awning to the creating entrance. Just like the neighboring Carcar Museum, metal awnings above the window, decorations about the arches, and grille Focus on the Home windows soften the starkness of your neoclassical style, offering the creating a heat sense.

More mature when compared to the dispensary or perhaps the del Corro developing is definitely the Uphill Elementary Faculty. In-built 1905, this faculty antedated the Philippine Assembly Act No 1801 of 1908, which appropriated income for the development of faculties all around the Philippines. Named Gabaldon School, right after Isauro Gabaldon, the assemblyman who authored the Monthly bill, The college form was manufactured from strengthened concrete and Wooden and simply replicable. Even though it bears resemblance to the Gabaldon School, particularly in its layout, Uphill is a one-of-a-variety setting up. Painted in shades of pink and dark crimson, it truly is classical in style and design. The setting up is made up of 3 bays, exactly where the central bay assignments outwards and rests over a cement podium and is particularly consequently lifted through the podium by a couple of meter during the method from the Philippine tsalet (chalet). A triangular pediment, which happens to be echoed inside the decorations in excess of the windows, caps the central portion. Windows and bays embellished by pilasters with stylized wheel and leaf layouts define the setting up’s vertical traces.

A few flooring, having an extension and perpendicular two-story developing, the Carcar Metropolis Hall has a Main that goes back again on the American colonial period. Home windows with roman arches bearing the identical lover-formed filigree structure present in the dispensary harmonize town hall With all the close by structures.

The Leon Kilat Monument, Found at the foot of upper town, was erected in 1959. The equestrian determine is by Roman Sarmiento. The monument commemorates the revolucionario Pantaleón Villegas y Soldi, who was born 27 Jul 1873, at Bacong, Negros Oriental. Much better called Leon Kilat, Villegas led the revolution in Cebu on three Apr 1898, Palm Sunday. He was killed by his possess aide-de-camp, Apolinario Alcuitas on 8 Apr 1898 in Carcar, inside of a plot hatched with the church of Santa Catalina by some community leaders who didn't want Kilat to deliver the revolution to Carcar. Fearing that their town could be razed to the ground by avenging Spanish troops, like they did to San Nicolas, the leaders wished Kilat out in the slightest degree cost.

Decrease City

The NHI has declared 4 residences within the reduced town of Carcar as heritage homes. The declaration was manufactured by way of NHI Resolution No 7-10 on 4 Sep 2009. It listed the Silva House as among the 4 homes, another residences shown within the declaration were:

The Don Florencio Noel-Filomena Jaen Dwelling (Dakong Balay) is situated at 312 (Aged No 367) Santa Catalina St. The original proprietors of the home and lot have been Jacinto Aldocente-Benita del Corro. Acquired via the Noel household, it had been renovated about 1873. Listed as acquiring worked on your home were Carcar-born Segundo Alesna as carpenter and Lito Alesna as mason and carpenter. Pelagio Gutiérrez, stone-cutter, labored within the renovation. Residents of Carcar, but born in San Nicolás and Cebu Metropolis respectively, Críspulo Zábate and Celestino Sarmiento ended up also detailed to own worked as carpenters on the renovation.

Don Mariano Mercado Home, ca 1990 (CCP Collection)

The Mercado Mansion (the Simplicio Mercado-Filomena Guerrero Manila World News Dwelling or Nyor Nanoy Mercado’s Property ) is found alongside the principle highway, Jose Rizal St. Painted in excellent aqua and white, this eye-catching home was built in 1899. The nineteenth-century dwelling was initially owned by the few Simplicio Mercado and Filomena Guerrero from Manila. It really is presently owned by a descendant, Catalina Camotes-Lucero, daughter of Mariano Mercado. Carcar mayor Mariano Mercado y Avila or Nyor Nanoy, 1877-1944, was described to get its architect and builder, but this assert has not been corroborated.

The Balay na Tisa (the Sarmiento-Osmeña Home) is along Calle Santa Catalina St and was built-in 1859. It is 2-Tale longitudinal structure which has a reduce story of plastered stone and an higher Tale of Wooden. Its vast Home windows are shuttered by persianas or louvers. Its roof of terra cotta tiles flares on the side within the manner of Chinese-design and style roofs. At the middle is usually a dormer, covered which has a capiz window, also roofed in tiles. The ceiling is stamped metal. It really is considered to on the list of older houses, if not the oldest, in Carcar.


While not formally declared as heritage properties, the subsequent residences in lower city Carcar are potential candidates for heritage residences.

Positioned on 232 Jose Rizal St, the Yap Property was erected with the pair Juan Ramos Rodriguez and Consolacion Florido Yap in 1905. Its builders are recorded as Salustiano (or Gonzalo) Abellana as architect and Andres Cui as chief carpenter. In 1936, your home was renovated with Mariano Mercado as designer, and Ceferino Bargamento as Main carpenter. This household, minus the azotea, was the design for that scaled-down Model Visayan residence in the now-defunct Nayong Pilipino in Parañaque. Rodriguez, a mestizo español, married Consolacion Yap, a mestiza china from Cebu in 1892. The home was designed after a few years of married life in exactly the same 12 months as the construction with the Upland School.

The Sato Dwelling ( Dodoy Jaen’s House ) is presently owned by Leto E. Sato. This grand dwelling on Jose Rizal St was the home of Timoteo Barcenilla (“Kapitan Tiyoy”) and Petrona Alcordo. It absolutely was Within this property which the groundbreaking Leon Kilat was assassinated in 1898. Your house transferred ownership to Leocadio Jaen and his spouse Anacleta Noel. Dadoy or Vicente “Dadoy” Jaen is Tiyoy’s son and the sole surviving heir.

The Aleonar House, located at 442 Gen Luna St, was erected in 1934. It is alleged to have been designed by grasp carpenters remembered as Oming or Tiyoy, which could both be Timoteo Ybañez (Tiyoy), or his son Bartolome (Oming), or the two of them. It absolutely was the residence of Aurelio Tigley Aleonar and Dolores Rodecindo de Veyra.


The Santiago Alegado Barceló-Juana Peñalosa Home ( Dr. Pablo Tumaliwan’s Home and Valencia Residence ) is found within the corner of Jose Rizal and Sta. Catalina Sts. The home is presently owned by Guillermo Valencia, an heir of Catalina Osmeña-Valencia. Your home is connected with Santiago, on the list of youthful little ones of Arcadio Barceló and Modesta Alegado. Santiago, the descendant, 1834-ninety one, married a Cebu Metropolis indigenous, Juana Peñalosa. Your house was also frequently known as Tumaliwan household because the strategically Situated household was rented by Dr Pablo Tumaliwan, a dentist. Your house served the two as family members residence and clinic. Later, when the Valencias resided in your house, it absolutely was called the Valencia Household. Your home came being the possession of Catalina “Nyora Taring” Osmeña-Valencia as it was allegedly utilised as collateral for your personal debt by an Aleonar.

The Mancao Panuncialman Dwelling is ready from your road by a protracted driveway. This American interval home follows a U-shaped strategy Using the central portion receding, while the flanking sections venture outward. Amongst the flanking sections, on the second flooring is actually a balcony that serves also like a port cochere. Your house is painted in pink and white and has a eco-friendly roof.

There are lots of far more residences Which may be extra to this listing of probable heritage houses including the Marfori-Cui Household, Juario Villarosa Residence, the family members residences of Archbishop Teofilo Camomot, and the house and studio of learn painter Martino Abellana, who has been compared to Fernando Amorsolo.


The crossroads that hook up the highway managing north-south to the mountain road running east-west is ornamented by a round cement kiosk. In addition to the kiosk can be a cement sculpture that depicts two women, 1 in Filipina dress with butterfly sleeve and a person in Western dress, both while in the act of getting a phase forward although the girl within the Western design and style dress points upward. It is claimed to depict America primary the Philippines to the long run. The kiosk had 4 stairs with banisters that curve outward. It is divided into eight arches supported by columns. The arches are embellished Along with the fan shaped design and style found in the Carcar Museum.

Kiosk in a rotunda in Carcar (Cebuano Reports Centre, University of San Carlos)

With the perimeter on the rotunda are statues of partners dressed in various attire representing the variety of Filipinos. The statues stand at the base of the Avenue lamp. Throughout the street, on the other side on the highway that operates throughout the rotunda, are pergolas for sitting. The precise yr in the event the kiosk, pergolas, and statues ended up made is unsure, but they are often safely placed during the American era, ahead of Earth War II. 

Published by René B. Javellana


Aleonar, V.P. 2015. Carcar Households: A Genealogy Website for Carcar. Accessed 12 Could.

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