Philippines News Newspaper

Philippines News

Coordinates: 13°N 122°E

Republic with the Philippines News

Republika ng Pilipinas (Filipino)

Flag on the Philippines News


Coat of arms with the Philippines News

Coat of arms


Maka-Diyos, Maka-tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa[one]

"For God, People today, Mother nature and Place"

(Latin: Professional Deo Populi Natura et Patria)

Anthem: Lupang Hinirang

"Chosen Land"


Good Seal:

Excellent Seal of your Philippines News

PHL orthographic.svg

Present world

Show map of ASEAN

Display all

Money Manila (de jure)

14°35'N 120°58'E

Metro Manila[a] (de facto)

Most significant town Quezon Metropolis

14°38'N 121°02'E

Official languages


Acknowledged regional languages

19 languages

Countrywide signal language

Filipino Indicator Language

Other acknowledged languages[b]



Ethnic teams (2010[five]) Visayan

24.4% Tagalog

8.four% Ilocano

6.8% Bicolano

26.2% Other folks

Religion (2015)[five] Christianity

—seventy nine.five% Roman Catholic

—nine.1% Other Christian

6.0% Islam

5.3% Other / None

Demonym(s) Filipino

(masculine and neutral)




(colloquial masculine and neutral)


(colloquial feminine)


(utilized for particular frequent nouns)

Govt Unitary presidential republic

• President

Bongbong Marcos

• Vp

Sara Duterte

• Senate President

Juan Miguel Zubiri

• House Speaker

Martin Romualdez

• Chief Justice

Alexander Gesmundo

Legislature Congress

• Higher dwelling


• Reduce property

Household of Associates

Independence from The usa

• Independence from Spain Philippines News declared

June twelve, 1898

• Spanish cession to the United States

December ten, 1898

• Independence from the United States granted

July 4, 1946



• Full

three hundred,000 km2 (a hundred and twenty,000 sq mi) (72nd)

• H2o (%)

0.sixty one[6] (inland waters)

• Whole land spot

298,one hundred seventy km2 (115,120 sq mi)


• 2021 estimate


• 2020 census

Neutral boost 109,035,343[eight] (thirteenth)

• Density

336/km2 (870.2/sq mi) (47th)

GDP (PPP) 2021 estimate

• Full

Increase $1.0 trillion[9] (29th)

• For each capita

Enhance $nine,061[nine] (one hundred and fifteenth)

GDP (nominal) 2021 estimate

• Full

Increase $402.638 billion[9] (32nd)

• For every capita

Improve $three,646[nine] (118th)

Gini (2018) Favourable reduce 42.3[ten]


medium · forty fourth

HDI (2021) Lessen 0.699[eleven]

medium · 116th

Forex Philippine Newspeso (?) (PHP)

Time zone UTC+08:00 (PST)

Date structure mm/dd/yyyy

Driving facet ideal[c]

Contacting code +63

ISO 3166 code PH

Net TLD .ph

The Philippines News (/'file?l?pi?nz/ (hear); Filipino: Pilipinas),[14] officially the Republic of your Philippines News (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas),[d] is surely an archipelagic state in Southeast Asia. It can be situated inside the western Pacific Ocean and is made up of close to seven,641 islands that are broadly categorized less than three primary geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Philippines Information is bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine NewsSea to the east, as well as the Celebes Sea on the southwest. It shares maritime borders with Taiwan to your north, Japan towards the northeast, Palau into the east and southeast, Indonesia into the south, Malaysia to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China for the northwest. The Philippines News covers an area of 300,000 km2 (a hundred and twenty,000 sq mi) and, as of 2021, it experienced a population of all-around 109 million people,[seven] making it the globe's thirteenth-most populous nation. The Philippines News has various ethnicities and cultures in the course of its islands. Manila would be the region's capital, although the largest city is Quezon City; each lie throughout the city location of Metro Manila.


Negritos, some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, were being followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Adoption of animism, Hinduism and Islam founded island-kingdoms identified as Kedatuan, Rajahnates, and Sultanates. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for Spain, marked the start of Spanish colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. Spanish settlement as a result of Mexico, starting in 1565, led on the Philippines Information starting to be ruled by the Spanish Empire for greater than 300 several years. For the duration of this time, Catholicism grew to become the dominant religion, and Manila grew to become the western hub of trans-Pacific trade. In 1896, the Philippine NewsRevolution started, which then grew to become entwined Using the 1898 Spanish–American War. Spain ceded the territory to The us, though Filipino revolutionaries declared the primary Philippine NewsRepublic. The ensuing Philippine–American War ended with the United States creating Management more than the territory, which they taken care of right until the Japanese invasion of your islands for the duration of Entire world War II. Subsequent liberation, the Philippines News grew to become independent in 1946. Considering the fact that then, the unitary sovereign state has normally experienced a tumultuous experience with democracy, which integrated the overthrow of the a long time-extended dictatorship by a nonviolent revolution.

The Philippines Information is surely an emerging sector plus a recently industrialized nation whose financial system is transitioning from staying agriculture centered to providers and production centered. It is just a founding member from the United Nations, WTO, ASEAN, the APEC Discussion board, and the EAS. The placement on the Philippines News as an island state over the Pacific Ring of Fire that may be near the equator makes it at risk of earthquakes and typhoons. The region has a number of normal means and it is residence to your globally important degree of biodiversity.


1 Etymology

two Historical past Prehistory (pre–900)

2.2 Early states (900–1565)

two.three Colonial rule (1565–1946)

two.four Independence (1946–current)

3 Geography and ecosystem

3.1 Biodiversity

3.two Weather

4 Authorities and politics Overseas relations

four.two Military services

four.three Administrative divisions

5 Demographics Ethnic teams

five.two Languages

five.3 Faith

five.four Health and fitness

five.five Education

six Economy

6.1 Science and engineering

6.2 Tourism

seven Infrastructure

7.1 Transportation

seven.two H2o offer and sanitation

8 Lifestyle

8.1 Values

eight.two Architecture

eight.three Tunes and dance

eight.four Literature

8.5 Cinema

8.six Mass media Delicacies

eight.eight Sports

nine See also

ten Notes

eleven References

eleven.1 Citations

eleven.2 Bibliography

twelve Even more looking through

13 Exterior back links Authorities

thirteen.two Trade

13.three General details

13.4 Guides and posts

13.five Wikimedia

thirteen.six Other individuals


Primary post: Title on the Philippines Information

Philip II of Spain

Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, through his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar "Felipinas" soon after Philip II of Spain, then the Prince of Asturias. At some point the identify "Las Islas Filipinas" would be accustomed to include the archipelago's Spanish possessions.[fifteen] Ahead of Spanish rule was founded, other names for example Islas del Poniente (Islands of your West) and Ferdinand Magellan's identify for that islands, San Lázaro, have been also utilized by the Spanish to refer to islands in the area.[16][17][eighteen][19]

During the Philippine NewsRevolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the institution on the República Filipina or maybe the Philippine NewsRepublic. From the period of the Spanish–American War (1898) and the Philippine–American War (1899–1902) right up until the Commonwealth interval (1935–1946), American Philippines News survey here colonial authorities referred to the state since the Philippine NewsIslands, a translation from the Spanish title.[20] The us started the process of altering the reference to your nation from your Philippine NewsIslands on the Philippines Information, specifically when it absolutely was stated from the Philippine NewsAutonomy Act or the Jones Legislation.[21] The full Formal title, Republic on the Philippines Information, was included in the 1935 constitution since the identify of the future unbiased condition,[22] It is usually stated in all succeeding constitutional revisions.[23][24]

Historical past

Most important write-up: Heritage of the Philippines News

For your chronological information, see Timeline of Philippine Newshistory.

Prehistory (pre–900)

Primary posting: Prehistory from the Philippines News

There may be evidence of early hominins residing in what on earth is now the Philippines News as early as 709,000 a long time ago.[25] A little number of bones from Callao Cave possibly characterize an or else unknown species, Homo luzonensis, that lived all over fifty,000 to sixty seven,000 years in the past.[26][27] The oldest contemporary human stays located around the islands are within the Tabon Caves of Palawan, U/Th-dated to forty seven,000 ± 11–ten,000 a long time in the past.[28] The Tabon Person is presumably a Negrito, who ended up Amongst the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, descendants of the initial human migrations away from Africa by means of the coastal route along southern Asia to your now sunken landmasses of Sundaland and Sahul.[29]

The main Austronesians arrived at the Philippines News from Taiwan at about 2200 BC, settling the Batanes Islands and northern Luzon. From there, they swiftly spread southwards to the rest of the islands with the Philippines Information and Southeast Asia.[30][31] This inhabitants assimilated with the present Negritos causing the trendy Filipino ethnic groups which Screen various ratios of genetic admixture concerning Austronesian and Negrito groups.[32] Genetic signatures also suggest the opportunity of migration of Austroasiatic, Papuan, and South Asian people today.[33] Jade artifacts have been observed dated to 2000 BC,[34][35] Along with the lingling-o jade merchandise crafted in Luzon manufactured utilizing Uncooked components originating from Taiwan.[36] By one thousand BC, the inhabitants in the archipelago experienced created into 4 kinds of social groups: hunter-gatherer tribes, warrior societies, highland plutocracies, and port principalities.[37]

Early states (900–1565)

Most important posting: Background of your Philippines News (900–1565)

The Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the oldest recognized crafting located in the Philippines News

The earliest regarded surviving penned file found in the Philippines News could be the Laguna Copperplate Inscription.[38] With the 14th century, a number of the massive coastal settlements experienced emerged as investing facilities and became the point of interest of societal alterations.[39] Some polities had exchanges with other states across Asia.[40][forty one] Trade with China is thought to acquire started during the Tang dynasty, and grew more substantial during the Song dynasty,[forty two] and by the second millennium some polities participated from the tributary process of China.[43][40] Indian cultural features, like linguistic conditions and spiritual methods, began to distribute throughout the Philippines News through the tenth century, most likely through the Hindu Majapahit empire.[forty four][39][45] With the fifteenth century, Islam was founded within the Sulu Archipelago and spread from there.[46]

Polities founded in the Philippines Information from your tenth–16th hundreds of years include things like Maynila,[47] Tondo, Namayan, Pangasinan, Cebu, Butuan, Maguindanao, Lanao, Sulu, and Ma-i.[48] The early polities had been commonly manufactured up of 3-tier social structures: a nobility course, a class of "freemen", and a category of dependent debtor-bondsmen.[39][forty] Amongst the nobility ended up leaders referred to as "Datus", accountable for ruling autonomous groups termed "barangay" or "dulohan".[39] When these barangays banded alongside one another, both to sort a larger settlement[39] or a geographically looser alliance,[forty] the more esteemed among them might be identified as a "paramount datu",[39][37] rajah, or sultan[forty nine] which headed the Neighborhood state.[fifty] Warfare created and escalated throughout the 14th to 16th hundreds of years,[fifty one] and through these durations inhabitants density is thought to are very low,[fifty two] which was also brought on by the frequency of typhoons and also the Philippines Information' site over the Pacific Ring of Hearth.[53] In 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the area, claimed the islands for Spain and was then killed by Lapulapu's fighters with the Struggle of Mactan.[54]

Colonial rule (1565–1946)

Main articles: Heritage on the Philippines Information (1565–1898) and Record of the Philippines News (1898–1946)

Manila in 1847.

Colonization commenced when Spanish explorer Miguel López de Legazpi arrived from Mexico in 1565.[fifty five][fifty six]: twenty–23 In 1571, Spanish Manila grew to become the money of your Spanish East Indies,[fifty seven] which encompassed Spanish territories in Asia as well as the Pacific.[fifty eight][fifty nine] The Spanish productively invaded the several neighborhood states by utilizing the principle of divide and conquer,[sixty] bringing most of what is now the Philippines Information into a single unified administration.[61][62] Disparate barangays were deliberately consolidated into towns, wherever Catholic missionaries were being much more conveniently able to convert the inhabitants to Christianity.[sixty three]: fifty three, sixty eight [sixty four] From 1565 to 1821, the Philippines News was governed being a territory from the Mexico Metropolis-based Viceroyalty of recent Spain, and later administered from Madrid following the Mexican War of Independence.[sixty five] Manila was the western hub in the trans-Pacific trade.[sixty six] Manila galleons ended up built in Bicol and Cavite.[sixty seven][sixty eight]

For the duration of its rule, Spain quelled various indigenous revolts,[sixty nine] and also defending from exterior navy difficulties.[70][seventy one][failed verification] Spanish forces provided troopers from elsewhere in New Spain[seventy two] together with broader Latin The usa, most of whom deserted and intermingled with the wider populace.[seventy three][74][75] Immigration blurred the racial caste technique[63]: ninety seven–ninety eight [76][77] Spain managed in towns and cities.[seventy eight] War towards the Dutch from your west, inside the seventeenth century, along with conflict with the Muslims within the south just about bankrupted the colonial treasury.[seventy nine]

Administration from the Philippine Newsislands was regarded a drain over the economic system of Spain,[70] and there have been debates to abandon it or trade it for other territory. On the other hand, this was opposed due to economic probable, stability, and the desire to carry on spiritual conversion within the islands along with the encompassing location.[eighty][eighty one] The Philippines News survived on an annual subsidy supplied by the Spanish Crown,[70] which averaged 250,000 pesos[eighty two] and was generally paid out throughout the provision of seventy five plenty of silver bullion remaining despatched within the Americas.[83] British forces occupied Manila from 1762 to 1764 in the Seven Years' War, with Spanish rule restored throughout the 1763 Treaty of Paris.[fifty six]: eighty one–eighty three The Spanish regarded as their war Along with the Muslims in Southeast Asia an extension from the Reconquista.[84] The Spanish–Moro conflict lasted for several hundred decades. In the last quarter of your 19th century, Spain conquered parts of Mindanao and Jolo,[85] and the Moro Muslims in the Sultanate of Sulu formally identified Spanish sovereignty.[86][87]

Filipino Ilustrados in Spain formed the Propaganda Movement. Photographed in 1890.

From the 19th century, Philippine Newsports opened to earth trade, and shifts started off taking place in just Filipino Modern society.[88][89] The Latin American wars of independence and renewed immigration led to shifts in social identity, While using the term Filipino shifting from referring to Spaniards born from the Philippines News to some term encompassing all people inside the archipelago. This identity change was pushed by wealthy households of combined ancestry, to which it became a national identification.[ninety][ninety one]

Innovative sentiments ended up stoked in 1872 immediately after 3 activist Catholic clergymen were executed on weak pretences.[92][93][ninety four] This may inspire a propaganda movement in Spain, organized by Marcelo H. del Pilar, José Rizal, Graciano López Jaena, and Mariano Ponce, lobbying for political reforms in the Philippines Information. Rizal was executed on December 30, 1896, on prices of rebellion. This radicalized a lot of who experienced Beforehand been faithful to Spain.[95] As tries at reform achieved with resistance, Andrés Bonifacio in 1892 established the militant mystery society called the Katipunan, who sought independence from Spain by way of armed revolt.[ninety six]

The Katipunan commenced the Philippine NewsRevolution in 1896.[ninety seven] Inner disputes led to an election during which Bonifacio dropped his position and Emilio Aguinaldo was elected as The brand new leader of the revolution.[98]: a hundred forty five–147 In 1897, the Pact of Biak-na-Bato brought in regards to the exile of the revolutionary Management to Hong Kong. In 1898, the Spanish–American War commenced and achieved the Philippines News. Aguinaldo returned, resumed the revolution, and declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898.[sixty three]: 112–113 The main Philippine NewsRepublic was recognized on January 21, 1899.[ninety nine]

Standard Douglas MacArthur coming ashore